Withdrawal of a research paper after submission but before publication and during peer-review or even after acceptance is an uncommon event and not considered as a good scientific practice. Before withdrawing a paper, it should be considered that reviewers and editors have already invested significant time in finalizing of the manuscript.

Once the manuscript submission process is completed, the next step, i.e. initial review of the paper by the Editor followed by peer-review by the invited experts begins. During these steps, the researcher should wait for the final decision. However, in some cases, one may want to withdraw the manuscript. For instance, you may want to revise or add important points or may want to correct some errors which are discovered after manuscript submission. In these case, the manuscript needs to be withdrawn much before the peer-review process starts.

Another common reason to withdraw your manuscript is that authors discover or suspect a glaring error, possibly while checking the proofs. This error may require performing some experiments again or removing existing data set. It may call for doing some supplementary analysis. This may lead to additional work, but it can help the researchers to avoid any future retractions. If the authors do not want to make all research data available for commercial reasons or copyright or when they realize that they have made manuscript submission to a potentially predatory journal, here also authors can withdraw their paper. There are unethical reasons for withdrawal of a paper like being unaware of the publication fees or just wanting to submit one’s manuscript to a higher impact journal.

Another reason for withdrawal of research paper is impatience with peer review process. This process is not a black or white issue. However, there are journals who take a long waiting time for completion of the peer review process. Some complete it within 1-3 months, whereas some take 4-6 months. Even if this is the case, the time period of peer review is mentioned in most of the journal websites. Thus, retraction based on the time period can be unreasonable at times.

In particular, after acceptance of manuscript when the journal and referees have behaved blamelessly, as an author it is hard to justify unilaterally withdrawing the paper. When the paper is submitted, the writer implicitly agrees to publish it there if accepted. A submitted manuscript is a request for publication and not a request for the option to publish. It is not ethical to withdraw a research paper which has been accepted. In the publication process journals, reviewers and editors have spent time. To withdraw a manuscript after it has entered this process is a waste of their time. However, the legal ramifications of this behaviour are probably limited.



In scholarly community, all members are well acquainted with the increasing menace of predatory journals and publishers. The predatory conferences are the most recent entries in the league of predators in academic publishing. Now a days, many academicians have been receiving an increasing number of invitations to attend conferences or present conference papers. Many of these conferences are appear to be scholarly, but are in reality an exploitative means used by predatory conference organisers or publishers to make money in the form of registration fees. So early career researchers are an easy target of these fake conferences. Sometimes, the attendees or speakers are subsequently informed about the cancellation of the conference due to some unavoidable reasons, and the registration fees are also not returned. Therefore, in addition to predatory publishers and journals, now researchers also wary of predatory conferences. But whether a conference is fake or legitimate is the question in every researcher’s mind.

To check the reliability of a conference, you can prepare a checklist before registration:

  • Who are the Organizers and Sponsors?
  • Are you aware of the association or the society organizing the conference?
  • Can you identify the conference venue? It is a valid place? Check the Pincode.
  • Are the organizers conducting the conference for the first time?
  • Have you or your colleagues attended this conference previously?
  • Are there any Sponsors involved in the conference?
  • Are you aware of any of them, especially with industry- related fields like Biomedical research and Engineering?
  • What fees will be charged like conference fee, registration fee, etc. Check if you are participating as a Speaker, are they willing to waive off the registration or other fees?
  • Did you check the conference website?
  • Have you read any papers before from this conference proceedings, if published before hand?
  • Can you find all the information like conference date, attendance fees, submission date, program details, editorial committee, and venue at the website?
  • Is there any pre-formed Agenda and Editorial Committee?
  • Do the objective and scope of the conference fit your field and core interest or not?
  • Is the committee clear about the type of peer review and the editorial control over the conference presentations?
  • Are you clear where these papers will be published? Does the conference make it clear to which indexers it will submit to for evaluation and to which indexing services it can guarantee published proceedings?
  • Is the publisher of the proceedings a member of the recognised industry initiative like DOAJ.COPE, OASPA, etc.?

The above questions should be answered by researchers and attend the conference or submit their abstract only if they are satisfied. A check list can be used by researchers and avoid falling prey to bogus conference organizers. The peer review process is not used by the conference organizers in their abstract selection process. This means the acceptance takes place in little as twenty four hour and has a very short turnaround time. Sometimes, the speakers from irrelevant backgrounds may also be invited by the predatory conference organizer. For example, at a plant virology conference a cardiologist keynote speaker might be invited. A clear conclusion can be drawn that the conference organizer does not have interest in the content quality but rather in collecting fees for the conference attendance.

All researchers need to be vigilant while registering for any conference. Just by following some basic guidelines, one can easily spot out the predatory conference.


The quality of a research paper can be improved by using various tools developed by many scientific institutes.While establishing the research work on world ranking or allocating research grants and determining whether the researcher is promoted within his/her institution, some indicators are taken into consideration like the number of published paper of a researcher and the number of times these research papers have been cited.Now a days to publish a paper, a researcher has to put a lot of effort.Therefore, to overcome the hurdles, a research paper visibility should be good enough before and post-publication.There are some strategies which can help to enhance the visibility of a paper.


Consideration of scientific collaboration: In general, intersectoral, interinstitutional and international collaborations help to improve the paper’s global impact.


Publishing in indexed journals: These journals are included in Scopus and web of science or linked with other indexing organizations.These journals have a rigorous data processing and selection criteria for that these are taken as the reliable sources of bibliometrics. The best sources of these indicators are the databases.


Suggestion for a journal to be added to Scopus and Web of Science: Most of the journal databases are open to suggestions to include new titles in their purview provided that they meet the required eligibility criteria.


Publishing in open access journals: Free open access system of publication with no publication fee is a significant advantage to the authors.It is also beneficial to readers as the manuscript acceptance is free of cost and it is easy to find the research work by searching through search engines.


Keeping the pre-print and post-print versions of accepted paper: The pre-print version is that part of the manuscript that precedes the peer review.The green road to open access allow the researcher to submit the post -print version or the final version.


Popularizing the scientific papers and research work: If the researcher wants to increase the visibility of the research paper and to catch the attention of large audience and to be known widely, the language used should be more accessible and easy to read.This may help in manuscript acceptance.


Listing all publications in an online platform: To increase the visibility of the paper and to share the research findings, individual publication profiles should be created online.This process can helps in peer review part.


Connecting with scientific social media and influential researchers: This is the best path to keep with developments on provided research area.Then follow the well-known and research groups and researchers and participate in discussions which is one of the best networking strategy.


Share the research work on social media: To post the research work social media like Facebook and Twitter are used by the researchers.This can help the readers to share the information with other people.